Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and its second-largest city
It has been the capital of Scotland since 1437 and is the seat of the country's parliament
Arthur's Seat is the main peak of the group of hills which form most of Holyrood Park
Arthur's Seat is a remarkably wild piece of highland landscape in the centre of the city of Edinburgh
The hill rises above the city to a height of 823
& provides excellent panoramic views of the city
The hill caught fire on August 6, 2006 at around 13:00BST
Culturally, Edinburgh is best known for the Edinburgh Festival
Holyrood Palace has served as the residence of the Kings and Queens of since the 15th century.
The Palace stands in Edinburgh at the bottom of the Royal Mile.
Edinburgh has a long literary tradition, going back to the Scottish Enlightenment
Writers such as James Boswell, Robert Louis Stevenson & Walter Scott all lived & worked in Edinburgh
The National Gallery of Scotland is an elaborate neoclassical edifice
The Old & New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1995
Edinburgh has been declared the first UNESCO City of Literature.
Famous Scots: Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume, Sean Connery
Famous musicians of Scotland include Annie Lennox, Wet Wet Wet, Travis and Simple Minds
The Old Town has preserved its medieval plan and many Reformation-era buildings
Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress and is Scotland's most famous landmark
The Royal Mile is Edinburgh's busiest tourist street
The Royal Mile runs from Edinburgh Castle down to the Palace of Holyroodhouse
The city is one of Europe's major tourist destinations, attracting roughly 13 million visitors a year
St. Giles' Cathedral decorates the midpoint of the Royal Mile with its rounded hollow-crown tower